Today we speak with Professor Josef Parnas, Professor of Psychiatry at the University of Copenhagen and a co-founder and Senior Researcher at the Danish National Research Foundation: Center for Subjectivity Research. Professor Parnas has been involved in research into the schizophrenia spectrum for about 40 years, and by using a phenomenological approach, has come to focus on the anomalous self-experiences associated with the schizophrenia spectrum.
In this conversation we discuss how we should think about schizophrenia, phenomenology and the importance of clinical experience, and systems to classify psychopathology.
0:00 – On Josef’s background.
3:25 – Josef’s overview of what we know about schizophrenia.
10:30 – Contrasting the core of schizophrenia from the symptoms.
21:45 – On the compatibility of predictive Bayesian computation accounts and phenomenological accounts of schizophrenia.
26:10 – Are schizotypal traits adaptive?
33:25 – On the disorder of self in schizophrenia.
35:45 – On the scale that Josef published to measure anomalous self experiences: the Examination of Anomalous Self Experience.
36:50 – Does Josef find the research on meditation or psychedelics interesting, given his interest in alterations of self-experience?
38:20 – Why Josef is not hopeful that dimensional classification systems for psychopathology?
50:15 – Alternatives for students or researcher who do not have the option of gaining direct experience with schizophrenic populations.
52:00 – On what historical European psychiatry has to offer contemporary psychiatry.